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Faraday Staff


Bob White FRS

Prof. Bob White FRS




Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director

Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1994, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2016. In 2018 he was awarded a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, which is their highest award, in recognition of a lifetime’s achievement in research. He is also a Fellow of the Geological Society, an elected Member of the International Society for Science and Religion and several other professional bodies; he serves on many of their committees. Since 1988 he has been a Fellow of St Edmund's College, Cambridge, prior to which he was a student and Research Fellow at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

He leads a research group investigating the Earth's dynamic crust: in particular the way in which enormous volumes of volcanic rock are produced when continents and oceans rift apart, and the movement of molten rock under active volcanoes. He has organised many overseas fieldwork projects and supervised over 55 PhD students at Cambridge, many of whom are now prominent in academia, industry, government and education. His work at sea has taken him to the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans and his research group is currently investigating the internal structure of volcanoes in Iceland. His scientific work is published in over 350 papers and articles.

 Selected Science-Religion Publications

  • Alexander, D. and White, R. S. (2004). Beyond Belief: Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges, Lion, Oxford, 219pp.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Truth in the geological sciences, in Can We Be Sure About Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernism (ed. Denis Alexander), Apollos (an imprint of Inter-Varsity Press), Leicester, pp. 187-213.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Genesis and Creation, Truth Matters, Reform article (see
  • White, R. S. (2007). The Age of the Earth, Faraday Paper 8 [see also Evangelicals Now, December 2002, 18]
  • Spencer, Nick and White, Robert (2007). Christianity, Climate Change and Sustainable Living, SPCK, 245pp. [published in USA as Spencer, Nick, White, Robert and Vroblesky, Virginia, by Hendrickson
  • White, Robert S. (editor) (2009) Creation in Crisis: Christian Perspectives on Sustainability, SPCK, 298pp.
  • White, R. S. (2012), ‘Take Ten: Scientists and their Religious Beliefs’, in Wisdom, Science and the Scriptures (eds. S. Finnamore & J. Weaver) (Oxford: Regents Park College), pp. 157R10;179.
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2013) Hope in an Age of Despair: The Gospel and the Future of Life on Earth, Inter-Varsity Press: Leicester, 224 pp., ISBN: 978-1844748778
  • Colin Bell, Jonathan Chaplin & Robert White (eds) (2013), Living Lightly, Living Faithfully: Religious faiths and the future of sustainability, The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, Cambridge, ISBN: 978-0-9559074-3-2
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2014) Let Creation Rejoice: Biblical Hope and the Ecological Crisis, Inter-Varsity Press: Illinois, ISBN: 978-0-8308-4052-6
  • Robert S White (2014), Who is to Blame? Nature, Disasters and Acts of God, (Oxford: Lion Hudson), 207 pp. ISBN 978-0-85721-4737
  • Colin Bell & Robert S. White (eds) (2016) Creation Care and the Gospel: Reconsidering the Mission of the Church, Hendrickson: Peabody, MA, 350pp., ISBN 9781619707252
  • Robert White (2016), Erdeben, Vulkane und andere Katasrophen, in Barbara Drossel (ed), Naturwissenschaftler reden von Gott, (Giessen: Brunnen), pp. 135-152.

Selected Scientific Publications

  • White, R. and  McKenzie, D. (1989). Magmatism at rift zones: The generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 7685-7729.
  • White, R. S., McKenzie, D. and O'Nions, R. K. (1992). Oceanic crustal thickness from seismic measurements and rare earth element inversions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 19,683-19,715.
  • Bown, J. W. and White, R. S. (1994). Variation with spreading rate of oceanic crustal thickness and geochemistry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 121, 435-449.
  • White, R. S., Minshull, T. A., Bickle, M. J. & Robinson, C. J. (2001). Melt generation at very slow-spreading oceanic ridges: constraints from geochemical and geophysical data. Journal of Petrology, 42, 1171-1196.
  • White, R. S., Smallwood, J. R., Fliedner, M. M., Boslaugh, B., Maresh, J. and Fruehn, J. (2003). Imaging and regional distribution of basalt flows in the Faroe-Shetland Basin. Geophysical Prospecting, 51, 215-231.
  • Harrison, A. J.  and White, R. S. (2004). Crustal structure of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: stretching and igneous intrusion, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L13615, doi: 10.129/2004GL019885.2004.
  • White, R. S., et al. (2008). Lower-crustal intrusion on the North Atlantic continental margin, Nature, 452, 460–464 plus supplementary information at, doi:10.1038/nature06687
  • White, R. S. and Smith, L. K. (2009). Crustal structure of the Hatton and the conjugate east Greenland rifted volcanic continental margins, NE Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B02305, doi:10.1029/2008JB005856
  • White, R. S., Drew, J., Martens,  H. R., Key, A. J., Soosalu, H. & Jakobsdóttir, S. S. (2011). Dynamics of dyke intrusion in the mid-crust of Iceland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 304, 300–312, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.038
  • Tarasewicz, J., Brandsdóttir, B., Robert S. White, R. S., Hensch, M. & Thorbjarnardóttir, B. (2012). Using microearthquakes to track repeated magma intrusions beneath the Eyjafjallajökull stratovolcano, Iceland, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B00C06, doi:10.1029/2011JB008751
  • Martens, H. R. & White, R. S. (2013). Triggering of microearthquakes in Iceland by volatiles released from a dyke intrusion, Geophysical Journal International, 194 (3), 1738R10;1754, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt184
  • Green, R.G., White, R.S. & Greenfield, T. (2014). Bookshelf faulting in the north Iceland volcanic rift zone, Nature Geoscience,7, 29R10;33, plus Supplementary Information, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2012
  • Green, R. G., Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Triggered earthquakes suppressed by an evolving stress shadow from a propagating dyke, Nature Geoscience, 8, 629R10;632, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2491
  • Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Building Icelandic igneous crust by repeated melt injections, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012009
  • Ágústsdóttir, T., Woods, J., Greenfield, T., Green, R. G., White, R. S., Winder, T., Brandsdóttir, B., Steinthórsson, S. & Soosalu, H. (2016). Strike-slip faulting during the 2014 Bárðarbunga-Holuhraun dike Intrusion, central Iceland. Geophysical Research Letters, plus Supplementary Information, 43, 1495­R10;1503, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067423
  • Hudson, T. S., White, R. S., Greenfield, T., Ágústsdóttir, T., Brisbourne, A. & Green, R. G. (2017). Deep crustal melt plumbing of Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074749



Keith Fox

Prof. Keith Fox

Associate Director



Keith Fox is Associate Director of The Faraday Institute and Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Southampton where he has previously been Head of the Centre for Biological Sciences. He studied Natural Sciences in Cambridge, specialising in Biochemistry, and completed a PhD in the Department of Pharmacology in 1980. He was a Research Fellow at Emmanuel College, before moving to Southampton as a lecturer in 1987 and became Professor in 2000. He is Senior Executive Editor of Nucleic Acids Research. His research interests concern DNA structure and its recognition and his scientific work has been published in over 200 papers and articles. He is a former chairman and trustee of Christians in Science and is Editor of Science & Christian Belief. He is also a licensed lay minister in the Church of England.

Hugh Rollinson

Prof. Hugh Rollinson

Course Director


Professor Hugh Rollinson is Course Director at the Faraday Institute and Emeritus

Professor Hugh Rollinson is Course Director at the Faraday Institute and Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Derby. After graduating from Oxford Hugh worked for a number of years as a field geologist in the Geological Survey of Sierra Leone. This was followed by a PhD at the University of Leicester and then a post-doc at the University of Leeds. He then joined the University of Gloucestershire and worked there for 20 years, during which time he took a three year leave of absence to work as Associate professor of geology and head of Department in the University of Zimbabwe. He then took a position as Professor of Earth Sciences and Department Head at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman for six years after which he served as Professor of Earth Sciences and Department Head at the University of Derby. Hugh is a Fellow of the Geological Society, a Chartered Geologist and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Hugh’s academic interests are in the earliest part of Earth history – the first two billion years of planetary evolution and these are summarised in his text ‘Early Earth Systems’ (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007). He has worked on some of the Earth’s oldest rocks in NW Scotland, West Africa, Southern Africa, West Greenland and Russia with the purpose of understanding how the Earth’s continental crust has formed, and more recently on modern analogues for the Earth’s ancient crust in the Oman ophiolite. He uses the techniques of geochemistry to interrogate ancient rocks, a methodology summarised in his earlier text ‘Using Geochemical Data’ (Taylor and Francis, 1993).

Hugh has had a life-long commitment to the Christian faith and has sought to integrate his beliefs with his scientific work. This has largely been through serving the local church wherever he has lived. He has a strong commitment to making the Christian faith accessible and engaging in dialogue with those who hold divergent views.


Selected academic publications


Rollinson, H.R., 1993, Using Geochemical Data: Evaluation, Presentation, Interpretation, Longman, UK. 352 pp. IBSN 0 582 0 6701 4. Now with Taylor Francis.

Rollinson, H.R. 2007. Early Earth Systems: a geochemical approach. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. 296 pp. ISBN: 1405122552.

Rollinson, H.R., Searle, M.P., Abbasi, I., Al-Lazki, A.I. and Al-Kindi M.H., 2014. Tectonic Evolution of the Oman Mountains. Special Publication of the Geological society 392, 471 pp.


Rollinson, HR. 1997. Eclogite xenoliths in West African kimberlites are residues from Archaean granitoids. Nature 389, 173-6.

Rollinson, H.R., Appel, P.W.U. and Frei, R. 2002.  A metamorphosed, early Archaean chromitite from the inner Godthabsfjord region, west Greenland: implications for the genesis of Archaean anorthositic chromites. Journal of Petrology. 43, 2143-2170.

Rollinson, H.R., 2008. The secular evolution of the continental crust: implications for crust-evolution models. G-cubed. doi:10.1029/2008GC002262.

Rollinson, H.R., 2012. Geochemical constraints on the composition of Archaean lower continental crust: partial melting in the Lewisian granulites. Earth and Planet Sci Lett., 351-352, 1-12.

Rollinson, H.R., 2015. Slab and sediment melting during subduction initiation: granitoid dykes from the mantle section of the Oman ophiolite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume 170, Issue 3 doi: 10.1007/s00410-015-1177-9

Rollinson, H.R., Adetunji, J., Lenaz, D., 2017. Constant Fe3+/SFe in Earth’s asthenospheric mantle since 3.8 Ga. Lithos, 282-283, 316-325

Rollinson, H.R. 2017. There were no large volumes of continental crust in the early Earth. Geosphere (GSA) – special thematic issue. P10.1130/GES01437.1

Spencer, C., Cavosie, A., Raub, T., Rollinson, H., Jeon, H., Searle, M, Miller, J., McDonald, B.J., Evans, N.J., EIMF, (2017). Evidence for melting mud in Earth's mantle from extreme oxygen isotope signatures in zircon. Geology, 45, 975-978.

Emeritus staff

Denis Alexander

Dr Denis Alexander

Emeritus Director



Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science

Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion,St Edmund's College, Cambridge, where he is a Fellow. Dr Alexander was previously Chairman of the Molecular Immunology Programme and Head of the Laboratory of Lymphocyte Signalling and Development at The Babraham Institute, Cambridge. Prior to that he was at the Imperial Cancer Research Laboratories in London (now Cancer Research UK), and spent 15 years developing university departments and laboratories overseas, latterly as Associate Professor of Biochemistry in the Medical Faculty of the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. There he helped to establish the National Unit of Human Genetics.

He was initially an Open Scholar at Oxford reading Biochemistry, before obtaining a PhD in Neurochemistry at the Institute of Psychiatry in London.

Dr Alexander writes, lectures and broadcasts widely in the field of science and religion. From 1992-2013 he was Editor of the journal Science & Christian Belief, and currently serves as a member of the executive committee of the International Society for Science and Religion. He gave the Gifford Lectures at St. Andrews University in 2012 and these are due to be published by CUP this month under the title 'Genes, Determinism and God'. 

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Alexander, D. R. (2001) 'Rebuilding the Matrix - Science and Faith in the 21st Century', Oxford: Lion Publishing, hb 512 pp. pb edn 2002. US hb edn 2003; French edn 2004; Turkish edn 2010; Chinese edn 2013.
  • Alexander, D.R. and White R.S. (2004) 'Beyond Belief - Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges' Oxford: Lion Publishing.
  • Alexander, D.R. (Ed + Chapter). (2005) 'Can We Know Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernity', Leicester: Apollos.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008) 'Science and religion – negotiating the 21st century rapids', in A. Bentley (ed) The Edge of Reason, London: Continuum.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008, 2nd edn 2014) 'Creation or Evolution - Do We Have to Choose?', Oxford: Monarch.
  • Alexander, D.R.and Numbers, R.L. (eds) (2010) 'Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins' University of Chicago Press.
  • Alexander, D. R. (2011) 'The Language of Genetics – an Introduction'. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press and London: Darton, Longman & Todd.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) 'A Critique of Intelligent Design' in Darwinism and Natural Theology: Evolving Perspectives (ed Andrew Robinson), Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) 'Science and Religious Belief in the Modern World: Challenges and Opportunities' in Science and Religion: Christian and Muslim Perspectives (ed David Marshall), Georgetown University Press, pp 35-45.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) ‘Creation and Evolution’ in  Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (eds James Stump and Alan Padgett), pp 233-245.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) ‘The Spirit of God in Evolutionary History’ in The Spirit in Creation and New Creation [ed Michael Welker], Eerdmans, 2012. 
  • Alexander, D.R . (2012) ‘Creación o evolución:¿tenemos que elegir?’ in E. Chuvieco (ed) Ciencia y religión en el siglo XXI: recuperar el diálogo, FUNDACIÓN RAMÓN ARECES, S.A., Madrid, Spain, pp 215-238. 
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) ‘L’age d’Adam: deux modeles pour le dialogue entre la Genese at la Science’, in Adam qui es-tu? (Lydia Jaeger, ed), Paris: Editions-Excelsis, pp. 111-128.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) ‘The Implications of Evolution for Religious Belief’ in K. Kampourakis (ed) Philosophical Issues in Public Education, Springer, pp 179-204.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) in Can Science Dispense With Religion? (ed. Mehdi Golshani), Amin Research and Cultural Center, Malaysia, pp. 21-39.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) ‘Order and emergence in biological evolution’, Faith & Thought, April, pp. 18-38.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) ‘The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion – the First Seven Years’, in The Science and Religion Dialogue [Michael Welker, ed], Peter Lang, pp73-86. 
  • Whiteway E. and Alexander, D.R. (2015) ‘Understanding the Causes of Same-Sex Attraction’, Science and Christian Belief, 27:17-40.  

Recent selected science publications

  • Ogilvy, S., Louis-Dit-Sully, C., Cassady, R.L., Alexander, D.R. and Holmes, N. (2003) J.Immunol. 171:1792-1800. 'Either of the CD45RB and CD45R0 isoforms are effective in restoring T cell, but not B cell, development and function in CD45-null mice'.
  • Turner S.D., Tooze R., Maclennan K, and Alexander D.R. (2003) Oncogene 22: 7750-61 'Vav-promoter regulated oncogenic fusion protein NPM-ALK in transgenic mice causes B-cell lymphomas with hyperactive Jun Kinase'.
  • Zhao, R., Yang, F.-T., and Alexander, D.R. (2004). Cancer Cell, 5: 37-49. 'An oncogenic tyrosine kinase inhibits DNA repair and DNA damage-induced Bcl-xL deamidation in T cell transformation'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2004) Cell Cycle 3: 584-7 'Oncogenic tyrosine kinases, DNA repair and survival'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2005) 'Biological validation of the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase as a pharmaceutical target” in L.A.Pinna and P.W.Cohen (eds) ‘Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology', Springer.
  • Turner, S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) Leukaemia 7: 1128-1134. 'What have we learnt from mouse models of NPM-ALK induced lymphomagenesis?'
  • Elliott, J.I., Surprenant, A., Marelli-Berg, F.M., Cooper, J.C., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Wooding, C., Linton, K., Alexander, D.R. and Higgins, C.F. (2005). Nat. Cell. Biol. 7: 808-816. 'Membrane phosphatidylserine distribution as a non-apoptotic signaling mechanism in lymphocytes'.
  • Salmond, R.J., Huyer, G., Kotsoni, A., Clements, L. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) J. Immunol. 2005, 175: 6498-6508. 'The src Homology 2 Domain-Containing Tyrosine Phosphatase 2 Regulates Primary T-Dependent Immune Responses and Th Cell Differentiation'.
  • Turner S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2006). Leukemia 20: 572-82. 'Fusion Tyrosine Kinase Mediated Signalling Pathways in the Transformation of Haematopoietic Cells'.
  • Zhao,, R., Oxley, D., Smith, T.S., Follows, G.A., Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Plos Biology, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050001. 'DNA Damage-induced Bcl-xL Deamidation is Mediated by NHE-1 Antiport Regulated Intracellular pH'.
  • McNeill, L. Salmond, R.J. Cooper, J.C., Carret, C.K., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Roche-Molina, M., Tandon, P., Holmes, N. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Immunity 27: 425-437. 'The differential regulation by CD45 of Lck kinase phosphorylation sites is critical for TCR signalling thresholds'.
  • Rider, D.A., Havenith, C.E.G., de Ridder, R., Schuurman, J., Favre, C., Cooper, J.C., Walker, S., Baadsgaard, O., Marschner, S., van de Winkel, J.G.J., Cambier, J., Parren, P.W.H.I. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Cancer Res. 67: 9945-9953. 'A human CD4 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of T cell lymphoma combines inhibition of T cell signaling by a dual mechanism with potent Fc-dependent effector activity'.
  • Zhao, R., Follows, G.A., Beer, P.A., Scott, L.M., Huntly, B.J.P, Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2008). New England J. Medicine, 359: 2778-2789. 'Inhibition of the Bcl-xL deamidation pathway in myeloproliferative disorders'.

Rodney Holder

Revd Dr Rodney Holder

Emeritus Course Director



Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a

Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a D.Phil. in astrophysics at Christ Church, Oxford. Following 14 years working for the UK Ministry of Defence, he returned to Oxford to study theology and was ordained in the Church of England in 1997. After several years of parish ministry he was appointed Course Director of the Faraday Institute from its inception until his retirement in January 2013. Rodney has explored ways in which science and faith complement each other in a number of books and is a regular speaker on the relationship between religion and science, especially cosmology.  He was Reviews Editor of Science and Christian Belief and was on the national committee of Christians in Science from 2006-2017. In addition, he is a Fellow of the International Society for Science and Religion, and a member both of the Society of Ordained Scientists and of the Science and Religion Forum.

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Thomas Torrance: Science, Theology, and the Contingent Universe', Participatio: The Journal of the T. F. Torrance Theological Fellowship, vol. 7, 27-48.
  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Gaia Hypothesis', 'Hoyle, Fred', 'Lakatos, Imre', 'Libertarian Free Will', 'Popper, Karl', in Paul Copan, Tremper Longman III, Christopher L. Reese, and Michael G. Strauss (eds.), Dictionary of Christianity and Science (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan), 297-298, 365-366, 404, 413-415, 522-523.
  • Holder, R. D. (2016), 'Explaining and Explaining Away in Cosmology and Theology', Theology and Science 14(3), 234-255, .
  • Holder, R. (2014), Longing, Waiting, Believing: Reflections for Advent, Christmas and Epiphany (Abingdon: The Bible Reading Fellowship).
  • Holder, R. (2014), 'Can a Multiverse Provide the Ultimate Explanation?', Faith and Thought 56, 4-18.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Why We Need Ramified Natural Theology’, Philosophia Christi, 15 (2), 271-282.
  • Holder, R. (2013), Big Bang, Big God: A Universe Designed for Life? (Oxford: Lion Hudson). 
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy. Royal Astronomical Society-Springer.
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître: A Brief Introduction to His Science, His Theology, and His Impact’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 1-7.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître and Fred Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 39-53.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Natural Theology in the Twentieth Century’, in Russell Re Manning (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘An Augustinian Perspective on Creation and Evolution’, in John Doody, Adam Goldstein and Kim Paffenroth (eds.) (2012), Augustine and Science, Series Augustine in Conversation: Tradition and Innovation, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘Lemaître and Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, Science and Christian Belief 24 (2), 111-127.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), 'Quantum Theory and Cosmology', in J. B. Stump and Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), 220-230.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), The Heavens Declare: Natural Theology and the Legacy of Karl Barth (West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Press).
  • Holder, R. D. (2011), 'God and the Multiverse: A Response to Stephen Hawking', Faith and Thought 51, 3-17.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Beyond Science: Answering the Boundary Questions', in A. M. Herzberg (ed.), Statistics, Science and Public Policy XIII: Responsibility, Prosperity and Culture. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Castle, Hailsham, UK, April 16-19, 2008, 79-84.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Thomas Torrance: 'Retreat to Commitment' or a New Place for Natural Theology?', Theology and Science 7(3), 275-296, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Science and Religion in the Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer', Zygon 44(1), 115-132.
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), Nothing But Atoms and Molecules? Probing the limits of science, Third Edition (Cambridge: The Faraday Institute) (First Edition, Crowborough: Monarch Publications, 1993).
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), 'Modern Science and the Interpretation of Genesis: Can We Learn from Dietrich Bonhoeffer?', Theology and Science 6(2), 213-231, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2007), 'Creation and the Sciences in the Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg', Communio Viatorum XLIX, 210-253.
  • Holder, R. D. (2006), 'Fine-tuning and the Multiverse', Think 12, 49-60.
  • Holder, R. D. (2005), 'God and Differing Interpretations of Quantum Theory-Response to Paul', Science and Christian Belief 17(2), 177-185.
  • Holder, R. D. (2004), God, the Multiverse, and Everything: Modern Cosmology and the Argument from Design (Aldershot, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate).
  • Holder, R. D. (2002), 'Fine-tuning, Multiple Universes and Theism', Noûs 36, 295-312.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'The realization of infinitely many universes in cosmology', Religious Studies 37, 343-350.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Karl Barth and the Legitimacy of Natural Theology', Themelios 26, 22-37.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Fine-Tuning, Many Universes and Design', Science and Christian Belief 13, 5-24.
  • Holder, R. D. (1999), 'Multiple Universes as an Explanation for Fine-Tuning', Science and Christian Belief 11, 65-66.
  • Holder, R. D. (1998), 'Hume on Miracles: Bayesian Interpretation, Multiple Testimony, and the Existence of God', Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 49, 49-65.

Photo: Nigel Bovey/The War Cry

Support staff

Linda Ambrose

Institute Administrator and Office Manager



Linda is the Administrator and Office Manager at the Faraday Institute.  She has worked in various administrative roles in the

Linda is the Administrator and Office Manager at the Faraday Institute.  She has worked in various administrative roles in the UK and Luxembourg in both investment banking and the charity sector and latterly worked at the Rosie Maternity Hospital in Cambridge.  She has lived in Cambridge for the past 10 years and has grown to love the city and adopted it as her own.

Linda spends any spare moments gardening, particularly growing cut flowers and in inclement weather can be found reading, sewing and entertaining.  An active member of her local church, she is involved in leading a weekly housegroup and in serving on Sunday mornings.    

ZoŽ Binns

Dr ZoŽ Binns

Marketing and Events Manager



Zoë Binns is the Marketing and Events Manager at the Faraday Institute. She read Physics at Cambridge followed by

Zoë Binns is the Marketing and Events Manager at the Faraday Institute. She read Physics at Cambridge followed by a PhD with Prof. Bob White at the Dept of Earth Sciences. She then spent two years in Tanzania working with Wycliffe Bible Translators before returning to Cambridge to marry and begin work with the Faraday Institute.

Julia Greenham

Julia Greenham

Marketing and Events Manager



Julia has previously worked for arts based organizations like Greenbelt Festival and OneSound so a departure from the music and

Julia has previously worked for arts based organizations like Greenbelt Festival and OneSound so a departure from the music and arts to the sciences with the Faraday Institute is a new avenue to explore for her. She holds a Masters in Arts Policy and Management from Birkbeck College. Outside of work she enjoys time with walking with friends, dancing, singing, and cycling - a must for all who live in Cambridge.

Research staff

Roger Abbott

Revd Dr Roger Abbott

Research Associate



Roger is Senior Research Associate in ‘Natural’ Disasters (though he is persuaded there are no disasters that are actually natural,

Roger is Senior Research Associate in ‘Natural’ Disasters (though he is persuaded there are no disasters that are actually natural, just human). He has carried out projects in Haiti, following the devastating earthquake in 2010, which explored how survivors’ Christian beliefs influenced their response to and recovery from that catastrophic event. Since 2015 to date, he is working on projects in New Orleans, the Philippines, and in Somerset, exploring the influence of faith beliefs on survivors’ relationships (with God, with their community, and with the natural environment). Following over thirty years of pastoral experience, Roger gained his Ph.D. in a practical theology of disaster response, from the University of Wales, Trinity & St. David. He has taught a university of Chester validated MA module in the pastoral response to trauma, has run a consultancy on pastoral care of trauma, and has been an active responder to traumatic incidents in the UK since 1989. He is a member of the British and Irish Association for Practical Theologians and of the Society for the Study of Theology.
He currently working on the religious and cultural impacts of natural disasters upon Christian communities, with special reference to vulnerability and resilience in Haiti in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. He has also commenced a longitudinal study in the Philippines following the response to and recovery from typhoon Yolanda. He holds a PhD in the practical theology of disaster response in the UK, which he gained from the University of Wales, Trinity and St David, following over thirty years in church pastoral ministry. He runs a consultancy in pastoral care of trauma, and he teaches University of Chester validated MA and DMin modules in the pastoral response to trauma at the Wales Evangelical School of Theology, Bridgend. He is a member of the British and Irish Association of Practical Theology
"Sit On Our Hands, or Stand On Our Feet?"
Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2013.

“Trauma, Compassion, and Community: Reconciling Opposites in the Interests of Post-traumatic Growth.” Practical Theology. 5.1 (2012): 31-46. doi: 10.1558/prth.v5i1.31

Abbott, Roger and Robert (Bob) White: “Haiti – An Unnatural Disaster: Ethics in Brief."
The Kirby Laing Institute For Christian Ethics. Volume 18 Number 3 (Spring 2013).

Ruth Bancewicz

Dr Ruth Bancewicz

Senior Research Associate



Ruth is a Senior Research Associate at The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, working on the positive interaction between

Ruth is a Senior Research Associate at The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, working on the positive interaction between science and faith. After studying Genetics at Aberdeen University, she completed a PhD at Edinburgh University, based at the MRC Human Genetics Unit. During this time she also worked at the Edinburgh Science Festival, developing and delivering hands-on science activities. She spent two years as a part-time postdoctoral researcher at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, Edinburgh University, while also working as the Development Officer for Christians in Science - a post she held for three years, before moving full-time to the Faraday Institute to develop the Test of FAITH resources, the first of which were launched in 2009. Ruth is a trustee of Christians in Science.

Ruth's Blog:

Test of FAITH:

Recent Publications in Science and Religion

Science Publications

Lizzie Henderson

Lizzie Henderson

Youth and Schools Outreach Officer and Research Assistant



Lizzie Henderson is the Youth and Schools Programme Coordinator for The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion. She and Steph

Lizzie Henderson is the Youth and Schools Programme Coordinator for The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion. She and Steph Bryant (Youth and Schools Programme Officer) are available to provide lessons, workshops and talks on the interactions of science and faith for children, young people and students of all ages in a variety of classroom, school society and other contexts. Lizzie is also Co-Investigator and Grant Manager of a grant from the John Templeton Foundation entitled "Generating New Creative Media on Science and Faith for Children", developing materials to communicate positive science-faith interactions to children aged 2-12 in school, church and home contexts.

Lizzie holds a degree in Natural Sciences from the University of Cambridge (2013), specialising in Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology, Geology and the History and Philosophy of Science. She has a strong interest in the communication and public understanding of the interactions of science and faith and has participated in formal and informal discussion of the science-faith dialogue for many years.

Lizzie has worked with children and young people in a variety of contexts for many years and has informal experience in a wide range of educational contexts. In well over 550 lessons, workshops and other sessions over the last 5 years Lizzie has seen more than 18,000 students of from age 3-18+ respond enthusiastically to the combination of hands-on science with honest, dynamic and thought-provoking discussion about science, faith and their interactions. These sessions have reached a wide range of schools including state and independently-funded, and those with a variety of religious characters or none.

Lizzie has been involved in developing a variety of teaching resources and offering formal and informal training to teachers in presenting interdisciplinary topics on themes of science-faith interactions. She is also involved in a consultation capacity with several collaborative projects working to develop new, inter-disciplinary approaches to education on the basis of research findings and experience in teaching about science-faith interactions in schools.

For more information or to book a session please contact


Joseph Tennant

Dr Joseph Tennant

Research Associate



Joseph Tennant is a Research Associate on the Mystical Experiences in Temporal

Joseph Tennant is a Research Associate on the Mystical Experiences in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Project. He is working with Prof Alasdair Coles, Dr. Sofia Eriksson, and Dr. Joanna Collicutt on better understanding the psychology and neurology of religious experience by investigating euphoric or transcendent auras that sometimes accompany seizures in some patients with epilepsy. This project investigates both the physiological origins of these auras as well as the way in which patients understand and interpret them.

Joseph is a cultural psychologist specializing in the psychology of religion and morality. His dissertation focused on a comparative study of Atheists and Evangelicals in the American Midwest, which investigated the differences between these groups in both the types of moral judgments they used as well as the justifications they employed. His previous work investigated the psychological and demographic predictors of creationist belief.

Joseph received his PhD in Comparative Human Development from the University of Chicago. Before that he received his bachelors degree in psychology from the University of Kansas, with a minor in qualitative methods for the social sciences. His research interests include morality, religion, religious politics in the United States, and mixed methodology in psychological research.